Internet Infrastructure

Internet Infrastructure

Have you wondered what happens to your chunks of data after you post something? where exactly does it all go or the internet Infrastructure?
Well, I’m here to give some answers to these questions. First all of you have to understand that the Internet is not owned or even governed by any one group of people. But rather it works as a distributed system made up of lots of smaller computer networks.

But hold on a second! if no one’s really running the internet then how does it stay working?
Do we even know where it goes?

There are organizations that help coordinate and direct Internet traffic.
So, that compatibility is maintained everywhere from Ottawa to Oman. probably the most well-known of these groups is ICANN.
Which maps IP addresses to Internet domain names. Your web browser that actually isn’t enough information for your computer to know what website to show you.

So what happens is, your ISP or Internet service provider directs it to a DNS server. which matches what you typed to the IP address that corresponds to it.
So you can connect and keep consuming the awesome content. but once you do that then how does the content itself get to your PC?

One of the Internet’s most defining features is that it is packet-switched. meaning that all data is broken up into little well packets and then reassembled once it arrives at your computer.

The advantage of this approach for computer data is that, it allows each packet to take the most efficient route possible. So, your internet speeds stay high and because packets contain in addition to the actual content identification information that ensures they are being sent to the right place and that they can be properly recombined later on normally none of the data ends up as a corrupted jumbled mess.

You’re probably wondering how users on different operating systems, on different machines, from different parts of the world all manage to use the same internet. standards bodies come to the rescue here again. they make sure that, the same fundamental languages and technologies are used throughout the globe including W3C. which is in charge of things like HTML and CSS. the languages that your web browser will interpret into something your computer can understand.

I hope this helped give you some idea how the world pulls together without a single guiding force to give us this awesome tool for arguing on Twitter or other platforms and reading half-baked political opinions.

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